p. 07 pp. 08-09 pp. 10-11

[Pictures by Peter Stackpole]

[img]EVEN JULES VERNE with all his vivid imagination probably never conjured up a weird figure like the characters above. They are working on the underwater set for Verne’s book, 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea.[/img]

AS though movie-making in sunniest Hollywood and darkest Africa were not difficult enough, a Walt Disney location crew is now filming one 30ft underwater. In the Caribbean, off, Nassau, in the Bahamas, 83 actor-divers, cameramen, propmen, professional’ salvage men, lifesavers and directors are trying to make their Cinemascope version of Jules Verne’s science-fiction classic, 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea, as authentic as possible.

The result has been the greatest underwater venture in film history. Daily the crew has to cope with choppy surface, undersea turbulence, leaky air-valves on diving-equipment, a complicated communications system and sunlight that seems invariably to hide whenever all the other conditions are right. Toughest problem has been the diving-gear itself. A new type had to be invented to clothe the fabled Nautilus crew—Victorian-looking (see above), yet practical and self-contained, because that was the way Jules Verne imagined it for his mythical hero, Captain Nemo.

[img]Two Hollywood propmen (in winter woollies) and underwater guides manhandle 400 lb net of crayfish across seafloor for use in harvest sequence.[/img]

[img]DIRECTOR  LEVITATING gently near pressurised camera with light-meter floating upward in plastic ease, director Robert Fleischer waits while camera crew focuses on stand-in (background). Fleischer wears only one air-tank for greater manoeuvrability, surfaces frequently.[/img]

[img]PROPMAN  ONE of the crew’s two Hollywood propmen hauls a 9ft wooden prop wrench into position for the scene in which Nautilus crewmen leave their crippled submarine to repair its damaged propeller on sea-bottom. Propmen also had to lug about huge carpet used to keep sand in area from churning up before camera.[/img]

[img]SEAWEED HARVEST  CAPTAIN NEMO’S men harvest seaweed with four-pronged pitchforks. Harvest is helped along by propman (swimming), who passes down a net. This is greatest underwater venture in movie history.[/img]

[img]COMMUNICATIONS CHIEF  ONLY diver in regulation suit with surface airlines and built-in telephone, salvage-man Frank Higgins stays on the bottom most of day. Alert during operations, he often lies down for a nap during long waits when skin divers are kept out of the water by bad weather.[/img]


[img]DIRECTORS' CONFERENCE  CHIEF CAMERAMAN Till Gabbani, director Fleischer and underwater co-ordinator Zendar come to surface to discuss changes in shooting plans when hand signals and slate-writing 30ft below get too complicated. They have to watch for sun, too.[/img]

[img]DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONS  UNDERWATER veteran Fred Zendar, writing waterproof instructions in grease crayon to cameraman (right), is in absolute control over undersea operation. A former lifesaver and navy master diver, he worked out unique Jules Verne divinggear, constantly checked safety of crew at work 30ft down.[/img]

[img]FINAL BRIEFING  CO-ORDINATOR Fred Zendar, hovering over actor-divers, gives them a final briefing as they wait off-camera for the big burial scene to begin. It’s complicated business.[/img]

[img]CAMERAMAN AND CREW  SURROUNDED by swarms of fish that rubber-neck the whole operation, cameramen prepare to shoot a scene in Cinemascope Technicolor, Chief water-safety man Rube Wright (left) stays high on camera scaffolding to spot any emergency signals.[/img]

[img]FLORIDA salvage expert Eddie Ciesinki bolts down water-proofed, self-powered camera. He is responsible for safety of camera, crew. Like most skin-divers, he works best upside-down.[/img]